Τρίτη, 28 Ιουλίου 2015

Launching Ceremony of Biggest Heavy Lift Ship – Jumbo Kinetic

Brodosplit has made the largest ‘heavy lifter’ in the world. It is a prototype which was completed in record time, 21 months, from the start of planning to its launch. It is the pride of the shipyard, and I hope there will be more of these types of ships – concluded Mr. Tomislav Debeljak in his speech.
Launching was attended by numerous representatives of the client – Dutch company JUMBO, partners in the construction, local government, Croatian Shipbuilding – Jadranbrod and Dutch embassy in Croatia, and speech was given by Mr. Michael Kahn CEO of Jumbo.
This ship is unique and exceptional in that it is the biggest ship of this type with the most sophisticated equipment. When we decided which shipyard will entrust the construction of the heavy lifter’s, we went to Brodosplit and then I started a conversation with one engineer at the gate, a grizzled gentleman, who was proud of the ships built in Brodosplit, actually, he believed that all ships built in the shipyard are ‘their ships’, and in conversation I realized how professional and skill he is in work.

This great dedication to the work, feeling that it is not for others than for themselves and the expertise were significant arguments why we decided to entrust this job to Brodosplit – said Mr. Michael Kahn in his speech. Godmother of the ship, Mrs. Philippine Kahn, wife of Mr. Michael Kahn cut the rope with the champagne and symbolically “named” ship ‘JUMBO KINETIC’.
Anyway, Nwbg. 473 is the ship mainly used to set up very heavy and expensive equipment for offshore oil drillings and transportation of heavy or large size cargo. The Heavy Lift Vessels with 152m length, 27m width and 14.000t deadwight at draft of 8,1m, will be equipped with two engines of 4500 kW at 750 rev/min, which would enable them to develop maximum speed of 17 knots. They will be equipped with two cranes each, with a total lifting capacity per vessel of over 3000t max. Nwbg.  473 is the first in a series of two ships that Brodosplit contracted with the Dutch company. The ships are being built in Lloyd’s Register class, ‘1A super’, which means that they can break the ice thickness of up to one meter without the help of icebreakers and will be the largest in their fleet.

Παρασκευή, 24 Ιουλίου 2015

What Seafarers Should Do After The Vessel Receives Storm Warning?

The prime reason for which every seafarer is wished “Smooth sailing and Calm seas” before boarding a vessel is to keep them safe from storms.
Rough weather situation has been faced at least once or more by every seafarer during the course of his/her career. Some of the most common forms of heavy or rough weather are tropical depressions or storms, typhoons, cyclones, hurricanes etc, generated due to varying atmospheric pressures over different parts of the earth.
Beaufort wind scale criteria classifies strong winds as near gale, gale, strong gale, storm, violent storm and hurricane based on ascending magnitude of wind force. Movement of sun causes pressure belts to shift and thus varying temperatures over land masses and water bodies causes pressure differences.
Tropical depressions occur often in middle latitudes and tropical cyclones that originate in the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone. A depression may often develop and travel in any direction whereas tropical storms are mostly found to follow predicted path* in both the hemispheres.

Tropical storms recurve after following a particular track*. It is therefore very important for a mariner to predict the location, magnitude and path of the storm, which are required to avoid these regions or navigate with caution while in navigating these areas.
Following are a few precautions which seafarers must follow while encountering tropical storms or navigating in areas of their frequent occurrence.

Use Available Information: Tropical storms and depressions are formed by pressure and temperature variations. A mariner has access to information regarding seasonal areas and frequency of occurrence through Maritime Safety information via EGC, Admiralty Sailing Directions, Ocean passages of the world and several other means. Thus if prior information is available regarding the legs of a voyage where rough weather is expected a sheltered passage or alternate route can be carefully planned to divert the vessel timely when required.
Study Weather Report: Often weather report and weather fax give warnings well in advance about unsettled weather conditions. Thus a careful selection of Nav Areas and type of weather reports by the navigating officer can be instrumental in obtaining early warning about a storm. Frequent observations from various meteorological instruments and prevailing weather onboard can be used to confirm weather reports.
Keep Away From Centre of Storm: Once presence of a storm or depression is confirmed. It is vital to establish distance of the vessel from it, location of the eye of the storm, centre of the depression, and storm’s track and path. Buoy Ballot’s law states – Face the wind and centre of low pressure will be from 90 degrees to 135 degrees on your right hand in N hemisphere and on your left hand in S hemisphere. It is advisable to keep at least 250 miles away from the centre of a storm however some companies prescribe specific distances in their Safety Management Manuals.
Check Stability Of The Vessel: A prudent check is required on the stability condition of the vessel and its compliance with intact stability criteria. Damage stability conditions to be evaluated carefully before beginning of a voyage as it will assure compliance with damage stability requirements. A vessel can thus take heavy weather ballast while or before proceeding to rough weather areas. Heavy weather ballast provides additional stability to the vessel and by lowering the centre of gravity makes vessel more stable as the GM* increases. Heavy weather ballast tanks are designated onboard vessels and if those tanks carried oil previously they must be crude oil washed before carrying heavy weather ballast in them.
 se Ballast Tanks To Minimise Free Surface Effect: As a part of good seamanship all the ballast tanks which are slack can be pressed up to minimise the free surface effect which will also help to increase the GM. Well planned stowage of cargo , ballast or both can minimise the number of slack or partly filled tanks.
Be Careful While Changing Speed, Angle, and Direction: Often waves associated with a storm or depression causes reduction in intact stability of vessel with a threat of capsizing or rolling of vessel to very large angles. IMO circular MSC 1228 provides guidelines with respect to careful reduction of speed, changing the angle and direction of encounter and adjusting encounter period of waves to avoid parametric or synchronous rolling motions.
Secure Loose Equipment/Cargo on Deck: For vessels with lesser freeboard, decks are washed frequently by seas with greater magnitudes. Thus securing of various loose equipment on deck, additional lashings to be taken to strengthen and prevent their loss being washed away into the sea. Safety lifelines can be rigged on vessels carrying cargoes on deck. Additional lashing must be taken to secure anchors, lifeboats, lifebuoys and liferafts.
Secure Weather and Water Tight Openings: Various weather tight and water tight openings like side scuttles, hatch covers, portholes, doors, manholes to be securely closed to prevent any ingress of water. Leaking, damaged gaskets or inadequate securing for covers of such openings may affect the integrity of compartment they are protecting. Alarms and indicators for closing of remote watertight doors and openings are provided on Navigation bridge, their operational state to be confirmed prior beginning of the voyage.
Secure Doors Forward Of Collision Bulkhead: Special emphasis to be provided to secure the doors and openings forward of the collision bulkhead for e.g. forepeak store and hatches, vents and openings forward. These spaces often house forward mooring equipment and associated electrical or hydraulic machinery. Spurling pipe covers need to be cemented well in advance. Bilge alarms in such remote compartments should be tried out regularly to give an early warning of any ingress of water or flooding. Any openings in subdivisions of watertight compartments which can cause progressive flooding must be secured.
Drains and Scuppers Must Be Free: All drains on deck and scuppers for drainage of water must be free to prevent any accumulation of water on deck.
Secure Aerials and Antennas: Antennas, aerials, stay wire clamps and lashing to be inspected before the wind speed picks up. Winds of gale force and above can easily break and blow away aerials. Storms are associated with lightning and thundering thus all aerials and antennas to be earthed and any low insulation alarms to be investigated carefully.
Keep Check on RPM To Avoid Load Fluctuation on Main Engine: Due to unsettled movement of vessel often load fluctuations on the main engine are observed. A careful setting of RPM can help to keep the fluctuations on the main engine within permissible limits.
Inform All Departments: All the departments deck, engine and galley should be informed well in advance of any storm warning so that all the deck, engine and galley stores, hospitals, sick bays and work areas are lashed and secured. Any major overhaul jobs, working aloft or lifting of heavy machinery on deck and engine room using overhead or deck crane can be postponed or avoided.
Morale of the Crew To Be Kept High: The morale of the crew should be kept high as often heavy rolling and pitching causes giddiness, nausea and reduced appetite amongst crew members.
*Track : A curve formed by previous known positions of a storm centre.
*Path : A curve formed based on predicted positions of a storm centre.
*GM : Its the vertical distance between Centre of Gravity and the Metacentre.